Shocking!!! Do Lithium batteries stand their chance in the Indian climate?
Do you know that the press release stated that the next few years are both interesting and crucial for the future of Indian lithium-ion batteries?
Sources, state that India will need a minimum of 10 GWh of Li-ion cells by 2022, about 60 GWh by 2025, and 120 GWh by 2030.
In response to the government’s decision to extend the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (FAME) scheme by two years to March 31, 2024, the industry should see a boom.
To reduce our dependency on imported oil, we realized we needed an alternative to the conventional approach. Without a doubt, that alternative was lithium-ion batteries. Manufacturers of electric vehicles in India face a tough task to meet this goal and adopt electric vehicles to the Indian market. Ultimately, electric vehicles’ success and failure can be credited to their battery packs; however, the claim is not entirely accurate.
There are indeed other factors to be considered. It is a fact that lithium cells can adapt to the climate of India. Creating batteries for electric vehicles is a more daunting task than doing so for the electronic industry. Modernized cell phones & laptops are always spotted in our pockets and home settings because they are in the comfiest, safest places. In contrast, a heavy-duty battery designed for electric bicycles or cars will never have the same type of reliability issues as one designed for smaller devices like cameras. The reliability of the battery depends solely on the material of the battery as well as the location where its use will take place.
Consider the case of Automakers like Nissan, Toyota, and even Tesla who have placed their bets on different host materials. The ability of the host materials to accept Lithium ions gradually fades with TIME and its LOCATION. Recently, in another article, sources confirmed that “A class of action lawsuit was brought up in California and Arizona against Nissan, citing that the battery packs in its electric vehicle; Nissan leaf, prematurely lost battery life and driving range. A common feature between California and Arizona is the hot climate with temperatures in the range of 30-40 degrees C in the Summer. Typical weather in most parts of India”. A higher temperature can cause the battery to fade faster due to an increase in parasitic reactions. This can eventually lead to fire and accidents.
In simpler terms, at higher temperatures, other unwanted reactions take place and these generate heat. This leads to rapid degradation due to external heat in a typical Indian Climate, which will eventually lead to a thermal runaway. Well-designed Thermal management with a conductive material and reliable thermal sensors to measure its thermic effects along with the apt pressure-sensitive venting holes the issue can be minimized to a greater degree.